ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN DAN KESULITAN SISWA SMP DALAM MENYELESAIKAN SOAL BILANGAN MODEL TIMSS

Dominikus Arif Budi Prasetyo, Marcellinus Andy Rudhito

Abstract


Numbers is an important concept in mathematics and one of the tested materials in TIMSS’s study. One of the efforts to increase students’ ability in solving TIMSS numbers questions is by developing TIMSS model-numbers questions. This current research investigated students’ ability and difficulties in solving TIMSS model-numbers questions, with 31 students in one of junior high schools in Central Java as a sample. Students’ ability in solving TIMSS model-numbers questions was measured by test with 32 multiple choice questions, whereas students’ difficulties when solving those questions were explored by students’ comment sheet. Mean test score indicates that students' ability for all content and cognitive domains was moderate. Difficulties experienced by students in solving TIMSS model-numbers questions were misunderstood the meaning of the questions or error in changing fractional forms and making calculations. The results indicated that in addition to having no deep understanding of numbers, students’ opportunity to train their ability in solving TIMSS model-numbers questions was still insufficient.


Keywords


Analysis of abilities; analysis of difficulties; Mathematics for SMP; numbers subject; TIMSS models

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alsawaie, O. (2012). Number Sense-Based Strategies Used By High-Achieving Sixth Grade Students Who Experienced Reform Textbooks,International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 10, 1071-1097.

Arikunto, S. (2013). Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Bryant, D.P., Bryant, B.R., Roberts, G., Vaughn, S., Pfannenstiel, K.H., Porterfield, J., & Gersten, R. (2011). Early Numeracy Intervention Program for First-Grade Students With Mathematics Difficulties, Exceptional Children, 78(1), 7-23.

Dogan, E., & Tatsuoka, K. (2008). An International Comparison Using a Diagnostic Testing Model: Turkish Students' Profile of Mathematical Skills on TIMSS-R. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 68(3), 263-272.

Fuchs, L.S., Powell, S.R., Seethaler, P.M., Cirino, P.T., Fletcher, J.M., Fuchs, D, & Hamlett, C.L. (2010). The Effects of Strategic Counting Instruction, with and without Deliberate Practice, on Number Combination Skill among Students with Mathematics Difficulties, Learning and Individual Differences, 20(2), 89–100.

Jordan, N.C., Kaplan, D., Locuniak, M.N., & Ramineni, C. (2007). Predicting First-Grade Math Achievement from Developmental Number Sense Trajectories, Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 22(1), 36–46.

Kaminski, E. (2002). Promoting Mathematical Understanding: Number Sense in Action, Mathematics Education Research Journal, 14(2), 133-149.

Klieme, E. & Baumert, J. (2001). Identifying national cultures of mathematics education: Analysis of cognitive demands and differential item functioning in TIMSS. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 16(3), 385-402.

Locuniak, M.N., & Jordan, N.C. (2008). Using Kindergarten Number Sense to Predict Calculation Fluency in Second Grade, Journal of Learning Disabilities, 41(5), 451-459.

Lyons, I.M., & Beilock, S.L. (2011). Numerical ordering ability mediates the relation between number-sense and arithmetic competence, Cognition, 121, 256–261.

Mohamed, M., & Johnny, J. (2010). Investigating Number Sense Among Students, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 317–324.

Montague, M., & van Garderen, D. (2003). A Cross-Sectional Study of Mathematics Achievement, Estimation Skills, and Academic Self-Perception in Students of Varying Ability, Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 36(5), 437–448.

Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Gonzalez, E.J., Gregory, K.D., Garden, R.A., O’Connor, K.M., Chrostowski, S.J., & Smith, T.A. (2000). TIMSS 1999 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the Eighth Grade. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Mullis, I.V.S, Martin, M.O., Gonzalez, E.J., & Chrostowski, S.J. (2004). Findings from IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Foy, P., Olson, J.F., Preuschoff, C., Erberber, E., Arora, A., & Galia, J. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012). TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Purnomo, Y.W., Kowiyah, Alyani, F., & Assiti, S.S. (2014). Assessing Number Sense Performance of Indonesian Elementary School Students, International Education Studies, 7(8), 74-84.

Reys, R., Reys, B., Emanuelsson, G., Johansson, B., McIntosh, A., & Yang, D.C. (1999). Assessing Number Sense of Students in Australia, Sweden, Taiwan, and the United States, School Science and Mathematics, 99(2), 61-70.

Rizta, A., Zulkardi, & Hartono, Y. (2013). Pengembangan Soal Penalaran Model TIMSS Matematika SMP, Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 17(2), 230-240.

Rudhito, M.A., & Prasetyo, D.A.B. (2015). Perbandingan Soal Model TIMSS dan Kurikulum 2013. Dalam Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika (hlm. 171-178), Jakarta: Universitas PGRI Indraprasta.

Rudhito, M.A., & Prasetyo, D.A.B. (2016). Pengembangan Soal Matematika Model TIMSS Untuk Mendukung Pembelajaran Matematika SMP Kelas VII Kurikulum 2013, Cakrawala Pendidikan, 35(1), 88-97.

Sengul, S., & Gulbagci, H. (2012). An Investigation of 5th Grade Turkish Students’ performance in number sense on the topic of decimal numbers, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 2289 – 2293.

Ünal, H., Demir, I., & Kilic, S. (2011). Teachers’ Professional Development and Students’ Mathematics Performance: Findings from TIMSS 2007, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 3252–3257.

Yang, D., Hsu, C., & Huang, M. (2004). A Study Of Teaching And Learning Number Sense For Sixth Grade Students In Taiwan, International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2, 407–430.

Yang, D. (2005). Developing Number Sense Through Mathematical Diary Writing, Australian Primary Mathematics Classrom, 10(4), 9-14.

Yang, D., Li, M., & Lin, C. (2008). A Study Of The Performance Of 5th Graders In Number Sense And Its Relationship To Achievement In Mathematics, International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 6, 789-807.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v21i2.819

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JPMIPA http://journal.fpmipa.upi.edu/index.php/jpmipa/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (JPMIPA) or Journal of Mathematics and Science Teaching 

All rights reserverd. pISSN 1412-0917 eISSN 2443-3616

Copyright © Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education (FPMIPA) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

 

View My Stats