KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM MELAKSANAKAN PRAKTIKUM DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KOMPONEN INSTRUMEN TERPADU (KIT) IPA SD

Mrs. Rosnita

Abstract


Science is a body of knowledge that investigates natural phenomena which are sometimes complex, thus teaching science requires tools that can facilitate students in understanding that complexity. Tool to guide science teaching is science kit (KIT). This study investigated teachers’ skills in conducting laboratory works by using KIT. Samples were 30 elementary schools teachers in Pontianak.  The instrument used was observation sheets and questionnaires in which it was composed based on various aspects in conducting laboratory works. Based on questionnaire, teachers’ overall skill in conducting laboratory works was 72% in which it was categorized as Good, whereas based on actual laboratory works observation, teachers’ overall skill in conducting laboratory works was 64%, in which it was categorized as Sufficient.  Aspect receiving the highest score from questionnaire and observation was attitude.

ABSTRAK

IPA adalah disiplin ilmu yang meneliti fenomena-fenomena alam yang terkadang kompleks sehingga pengajarannya harus dilakukan dengan alat yang dapat memfasilitasi siswa dalam memahami kekompleksan tersebut. Salah satu alat untuk memandu pengajaran IPA adalah Komponen Instrumen Terpadu (KIT). Penelitian ini menyelidiki keterampilan guru dalam melaksanakan praktikum dengan menggunakan KIT IPA. Sampel adalah 30 orang guru Sekolah Dasar (SD) di Kota Pontianak. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi dan angket yang disusun berdasarkan berbagai aspek keterampilan dalam melaksanakan praktikum. Secara keseluruhan, keterampilan guru berdasarkan angket adalah 72% sehingga dikategorikan sebagai Baik, sedangkan hasil observasi langsung kegiatan praktikum menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan keterampilan guru dalam melaksanakan praktikum dengan menggunakan KIT IPA adalah 64% atau dikategorikan dalam kategori Cukup. Aspek yang memperoleh skor paling tinggi dari hasil angket maupun hasil observasi adalah aspek sikap.

Keywords


Teachers’ Skill; Science Kit; Science Teaching; Laboratory works; Keterampilan Guru; Komponen Instrumen Terintegrasi; Pengajaran Sains; Praktikum

Full Text:

FULLTEXT PDF

References


Darling-Hammond, L. (2000). Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Review of State Policy Evidence. Education Policy Analysis Archives Vol. 8 No.1, hlm.1-44.

Dickerson, D., Clark, M., Dawkins, K., & Horne, C. (2006). Using Science Kits to Construct Content Understanding in Elementary Schools Journal of Elementary Science Education Vol. 18 No.1, hlm. 43-56.

Hamalik, O. (1993). Media Pendidikan. Bandung: Citra Aditya.

Hofstein, A., & Mamlok-Naaman, R. (2007). The laboratory in science education: The state of the art. Chemistry Education: Research and Practice in Europe, Vol. 8 No.1, hlm. 105-108.

Indayani, L. (2015). Peningkatan Prestasi Belajar Peserta Didik melalui Penggunaan Media KIT IPA di SMP Negeri 10 Probolinggo. Jurnal Kebijakan dan Pengembangan Pendidikan Vol. 3 No. 1, hlm. 54-60.

Jamaluddin, Kade, A., & Nurjannah. (2015). Analisis Pelaksanaan Praktikum Menggunakan KIT IPA Fisika di SMP Se-Kecamatan Sojol Kabupaten Donggala. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Tadulako Vol. 3 No.1, hlm. 6-13.

Lumpe, A.T., Haney, J.J., & Czerniak, C.M. (2000). Assesing Teachers’ Beliefs about Their Science Teaching Context. Journal of Research in Science Teaching Vol. 37 No.3, hlm. 275-292.

Maknun, D., Surtikanti, H.R., Munandar, A., & Subahar, T.S. (2012). Keterampilan Esensial dan Kompetensi Motorik Laboratorium Mahasiswa Calon Guru Biologi dalam Kegiatan Praktikum Ekologi. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia Vol. 1 No.2, hlm. 141-148.

Millar, R. (2004). The Role of Practical Work in The Teaching and Learning of Science. University of York. [Online] http://www-7.nationalacademics.org/bose/Millar_draftpaper_Jun_04.pdf

Sumintono, B., Ibrahim, M.A., & Phang, F.A. (2010). Pengajaran Sains dengan Praktikum Laboratorium: Perspektif dari Guru-guru Sains SMPN di Kota Cimahi. Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA Vol. 15 No. 2, hlm. 120-127.

Tanang, H., Djajadi, M., Abu, B., & Mokhtar, M. (2014). Challenges of Teaching Profes-sionalism Development: A Case Study in Makassar, Indonesia Journal of Education and Learning Vol. 8 No.2, hlm. 132-143.

Trianto. (2007). Model Pembelajaran Terpadu Dalam Teori dan Praktek. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka.

Young, B.J., & Lee, S.K. (2005). The Effects of a Kit-Based Science Curriculum and Intensive Professional Development on Elementary Student Science Achievement. Journal of Science Education and Technology, Vol. 14 No.5, hlm. 471-481.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v21i1.671

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JPMIPA http://journal.fpmipa.upi.edu/index.php/jpmipa/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

All rights reserverd. pISSN 1412-0917 eISSN 2443-3616

Copyright © Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

View My Stats