STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING (CPS) BERBASIS EKSPERIMEN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF DAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF

Ahmad Busyairi, Parlindungan Sinaga

Abstract


This study aimed to get an idea related to the development of cognitive abilities and creative thinking skills in problem solving student after being given treatment with CPS-based experimental learning and conventional learning. The method used in this research is a quasi-experimental design with the randomized pretest-posttest control group design. The research sample group of 58 high school students who are divided into two classes (class 29 experimental and 29 control group). The collected data was then analyzed using N-gain calculation, t-test, and the calculation of effect size. The result showed that the students' cognitive abilities for both classes equally increased by the moderate category. For the creative thinking skills of students in problem solving, experimental class increased by categories was increased while the control class with low category. Based on the test results show that the application of learning hypothesis-based experiments CPS can significantly improve the cognitive abilities and skills of creative thinking in solving problems of students compared to the application of conventional learning. In addition, based on the calculation of effect size indicates that the application of experiment-based learning CPS effective in improving cognitive ability and creative thinking skills in problem solving students with moderate category.


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran terkait peningkatan kemampuan kognitif dan keterampilan berpikir kreatif dalam pemecahan masalah siswa setelah diberikan perlakuan dengan pembelajaran CPS berbasis eksperimen dan pembelajaran kovensional. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kuasi eksperimen dengan desain the randomized pretest-posttest control group design. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 58 siswa SMA yang dibagi ke dalam dua kelas (29 kelas eksperimen dan 29 kelas kontrol). Data yang terkumpul kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan perhitungan N-gain, Uji-t, dan perhitungan effect size. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan kognitif siswa untuk kedua kelas sama-sama mengalami peningkatan dengan kategori sedang. Untuk keterampilan berpikir kreatif dalam pemecahan masalah siswa, kelas eksperimen mengalami peningkatan dengan ketegori sedang sedangkan kelas kontrol meningkat dengan kategori rendah. Berdasarkan hasil uji hipotesis  menunjukkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran CPS berbasis eksperimen secara signifikan dapat lebih meningkatkan kemampuan kognitif dan keterampilan berpikir kreatif dalam pemecahan masalah siswa dibanding penerapan pembelajaran konvensional. Selain itu, berdasarkan hasil perhitungan effect size menunjukkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran CPS berbasis eksperimen efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan kognitif dan keterampilan berpikir kreatif dalam pemecahan masalah siswa dengan kategori sedang.


Keywords


creative problem solving; experiment; cognitive ability; eksperimen; kemampuan kognitif

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v20i2.576

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