PROFIL PERUBAHAN KONSEPTUAL SISWA PADA MATERI KEPENDUDUKAN DAN PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN

Lusiana Dwi Hastuti Muchyar, Ari Widodo, Dr. Riandi

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to understand students’ initial and final concept profile, in order to investigate the process and the patterns of students’ conceptual change. This study was conducted because many students have a conception which is not in accordance with the scientific conception for environmental problems such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rain and radioactive pollution caused by environmental pollution. Research method was descriptive method and subjects used in this study were seventh grade students taught by experienced teachers and pre-service teacher in one of junior high schools in Bandung. The instrument used to view the initial conception profile, final conception profile, and the patterns of students' conceptual change was a written test in the form of multiple choice questions along with the explanations that is given at the beginning and the end of the lesson. Tests answers were then qualitatively analyzed. Analysis showed that conceptual change happen in students in both students groups. Conceptual change process happened on greenhouse effect, environment’s carrying capacity, CFC gases, and global warming concept. Furthermore, analysis also showed students’s conceptual change patterns, i.e. changing to be positive, changing to be negative, still positive, and still negative.

Keywords: conceptual change, conceptual change patterns, initial conception profile, final conception profile

ABSTRAK          

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui profil konsepsi awal dan profil konsepsi akhir siswa serta untuk melihat proses dan pola perubahan konseptual siswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan karena banyak siswa yang memiliki konsepsi yang tidak sesuai dengan konsepsi ilmiah mengenai masalah lingkungan seperti pemanasan global, deplesi lapisan ozon, hujan asam dan polusi radioaktif yang diakibatkan oleh pencemaran lingkungan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII yang diajar oleh guru berpengalaman dan guru praktikan di salah satu SMP di Kota Bandung. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk melihat profil konsepsi awal, profil konsepsi akhir, serta pola perubahan konseptual siswa adalah tes tertulis berupa soal pilihan ganda disertai dengan penjelasan yang diberikan pada awal pembelajaran serta akhir pembelajaran. Jawaban dari tes tersebut kemudian dianalisis secara kualitatif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terjadi perubahan konseptual pada siswa, baik yang diajar oleh guru berpengalaman, maupun yang diajar oleh guru praktikan. Proses perubahan konseptual ini terjadi pada beberapa konsep seperti konsep efek rumah kaca, daya dukung lingkungan, gas CFC, serta pemanasan global. Selain itu, hasil analisis juga menunjukkan adanya pola perubahan konseptual pada siswa yaitu berubah positif, berubah negatif, bertahan positif, dan bertahan negatif.

Kata kunci: perubahan konseptual, pola perubahan konseptual, profil konsepsi awal, profil konsepsi akhir


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v20i1.565

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