PROFIL MOTIVASI BELAJAR MAHASISWA CALON GURU KIMIA DAN KORELASINYA TERHADAP MODEL MENTAL

Wiji Wiji, Liliasari Liliasari, Wahyu Sopandi, Muhammad A. K. Martoprawiro

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui profil motivasi belajar Mahasiswa Calon Guru Kimia (MCGK) tingkat I sampai dengan tingkat IV. Selain itu, juga dikaji korelasi antara motivasi dengan model mental kimia sekolah. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan metode kuantitatif non eksperimen, dengan desain survei lintas-bagian (cross-sectional survey) dan melibatkan 124 mahasiswa calon guru kimia di jurusan Pendidikan Kimia pada salah satu Universitas di Bandung. Data dikumpulkan melalui Kuesioner Motivasi Belajar Kimia (KMBK) dan Tes Diagnostik Model Mental Kimia Sekolah (TDMKS). Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan motivasi belajar MCGK pada kategori rendah untuk tingkat I (M=3,04; SD=0,24) dan kategori sedang untuk tingkat II (M=3,56; SD=0,20), tingkat III (M=3,78; SD=0,26), dan tingkat IV (M=3,89; SD=0,25). Hasil uji Kruskal Wallis menunjukkan adanya perbedaan secara signifikan pada sebagian besar jenis motivasi belajar MCGK berdasarkan tingkat kelas, kecuali jenis target prestasi. Motivasi belajar MCGK berkorelasi pada tingkat sedang dengan model mental kimia sekolah (r=0,399; p<0,01).

Kata kunci : motivasi belajar, model mental, kimia sekolah, tes diagnostik


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v19i2.465

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